- 1999
<<<<< | 9 | 10 | 11 | <<<<<


9 .


Part 1. Reading.

Questions 1-5

Example:

0

Please feel free
to come in

  1. Come in whenever you like.
  2. Please ring for an appointment.
  3. We will call you when we are free.
  4. Visitors please wait outside.

Example answer:

Part 1
0 A B C D

1

Please wait
here to be
seated

  1. Please do not take these seats.
  2. These seats are already reserved.
  3. Stay here if you want a seat.
  4. These seats are not being used.

2

This gate
is to be locked
at all times

  1. Leave this gate open during the day.
  2. This gate must never be left open.
  3. There is no lock on this gate.
  4. Please close this gate carefully.

3

Each tour takes
approximately 1? hours
  1. Each tour lasts less than two hours.
  2. A tour leaves here every two hours.
  3. The tour is longer than two hours.
  4. Each tour is under an hour long.
4 Drinks can be ordered
for the interval
  1. You cannot buy a drink until the interval.
  2. Drinks are served here before the interval.
  3. You can ask for drinks in time for the interval.
  4. Drinks are served just after the start of the interval.
5 These gardens are
looked after
by the villagers
  1. Villagers take care of these gardens.
  2. These gardens are privately owned.
  3. We are looking for a new gardener.
  4. Visitor may not use these gardens.

Part 2. Use of English.

Questions 6-20

Example:

0 A invented B created C originated D started

Example answer:

Part 2
0 A B C D

Traffic Lights

The first traffic signal was (0)..... by a railway signalling engineer. It was installed (6)..... the Houses of  Parliament in 1868. It (7)..... like any railway signal of the time, and was operated by gas. (8)....., it exploded and killed a policeman, and the accident (9)...... further development until cars became common. (10)..... traffic ligths are an American invention. Red-green (11)..... were installed in Cleveland in 1914. Three-colour signals, operated (12)..... hand from a tower in the (13)...... of the street, were installed in New York in 1918. The (14)..... lights of this type to (15)..... in Britain were in London, on the junction between St. James's Street and Piccadilly, in 1925. Automatic signals were installed (16)..... year later. In the past, traffic lights were (17)..... . In New York, some lights had a statue on top. In Los Angeles the lights did not just (18)..... silently, but would ring bells to (19)..... the sleeping motorists of the 1930s. These are gone and have been (20)...... by standard models which are universally adopted.

6 A outside B out C out of D outdoors
7 A resembled B looked C showed D seemed
8 A However B Therefore C Although D Despite
9 A forbade B disappointed C avoided D discouraged
10 A New B Recent C Modern D Late
11 A methods B ways C systems D means
12 A by B with C through D in
13 A middle B heart C focus D halfway
14 A original B primary C first D early
15 A show B appear C happen D become
16 A a B in the C in a D the
17 A various B particular C rare D special
18 A change B after C vary D move
19 A rise B raise C wake D get up
20 A reproduced B replaced C removed D remained


10 .


Part 1. Reading.

Questions 1-7

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Group facilities.
How do we keep the prices so low?
Group prices.
Local groups.
The countryside matters.
Travel the world!
What about the accommodation?
What does the price include?
How to book.

Youth Hostels Association

0 I
To avoid disappointment, especially during the summer months, it is best to enquire and make sure in advance that  a bed is reserved for you. Just telephone the Hostel (before 1000 or after 1700 hours). At most Youth Hostels you can now pay by Visa and Access credit cards.
1  
What you pay to stay with us entitles you to use Hostel facilities such as showers and washrooms, drying rooms, lounge, self-catering kitchen and dining areas.
2  
Sleeping is in comfortable rooms which vary in size - from 4-6 beds to larger dormitories with around 8-16 beds Blankets and pillows are included in the price for your overmight stay. You will need to either hire or buy a YHA sheet sleeping bag or you can bring your own sheets and pillow case.
3  
When staying at a Youth Hostel, we do ask you to help with some of the clearing up; usually something routine such as sweeping a floor or helping wash up. You also need to remember that Youth Hostels close for a period during the day - usually between 1000 and 1700 hours - and close for the night at 2300 hours. This helps to keep our running costs down.
4  
YHA is one of the leading environmental groups in Britain, helping to conserve Britain's unique landscape features and willife. Mimbers with an interest in conservation have the chance to carry out practical work - clearing outponds, opening up footpaths and planting trees So if you'd like to put something back into the landscape, now's your chance!
5  
We specialise in budget residential facilities for groups of young people. 28 of our Hostels offer field facilities and many have classrooms. Datapack is publication designed for group leaders and contains details of those Youth Hostels which are particularly suitable for groups.
6  
If you like meeting people with similar interests and getting out and about in the countryside, then why not join a YHA group in your area? YHA groups organise regular social events and weekend activities - from discos and barbecues to theatre trips and country walks. Details of  your nearest group can be found in the YHA Accommodation Guide.
7  
YHA is a member of the International Youth Hostel Federation and this means that once a member in England and Wales, you can stay at any Hostel showing the YHF sign. So whether you choose Europe or Australia, India or Peru, you can still stay with YHA. All you need to do is attach a recent photograph to your membership card and it becomes valid worldwide. And for recognised groups it's even simpler. International Leader cards enable groups of non-members - aged between 10 and 20 years - to stay in Youth Hostels, as long as they accompanied by a YHA member who is aged 18 years or over!

Part 2. Use of English.

Questions 8-22

Example:

0 A realism B realisation C reality D realist

Example answer:

Part 2
0 A B C D

Becoming a nurse: the interview

The  (0)..... of a interview is never as bad as your fears. For some (8)..... people imagine the interviewer is going to jump on every tiny mistake they (9)..... In truth, the interviewer is as (10)..... for the meeting to go well as you are. It is what (11)..... his or her job enjoyable.

The secret of a good interview is preparing for it. What you wear is asways important as it creates the first impression. So (12)..... neatly, but comfortably. Make (13)..... that you can deal with anything you are (<>14).....b Prepare for questions that are certain to come up, for example: Why do you want to become a nurse? What is the most important (15)..... a good nurse should have? Apart from nursing, what other careers have you (16)..... ? What are your interests and hobbies?

Answer the questions fully and precisely. (17)....., if one of your interests is reading, be prepared to (18)..... about the sort of books you like. (19)..... , do not learn all your answers off (20).....b heart. The interviewer wants to meet a human (21)....., not a robot. Remember, the interviewer is genuinely interested in you, so the more you relax and are yourself, the more (22)..... you are to succeed.

8 A reason B idea C explanation D excuse
9 A perform B do C make D have
10 A keen B wanting C interested D delighted
11 A does B causes C happens D makes
12 A dress B wear C put on D have on
13 A evident B sure C definite D clear
14 A requested B questioned C inquired D asked
15 A character B quality C nature D point
16 A thought B  regarded C considered D wondered
17 A For instance B That is C Such as D Let's say
18 A say B talk C discuss D chat
19 A However B Although C Despite D  Therefore
20 A at B in C on D by
21 A character B being C  somebody D nature
22 A easy B possible C likely D probable

Part 3. Writing.

Part 4. Grammar Test.

Questions 23-37

  1. The growing numbers of visitors ________ the photographs.
    A is damaging  B damages C are damaging D was damaging
  2. Jane _________ just a few minutes ago.
    A left  B has left  C leaves  D had left
  3. If I were, I _________ that coat. It's too much expensive.
    A won't buy  B don't buy  C am not going to buy  D wouldn't buy
  4. ___________ Robert lately?
    A Did you see  B Have you seen  C Do you see  D Are you seeing
  5. We ____________ Switzerland four times during 1970s.
    A used to visit  B would visit  C visited  D will visit
  6. Jenny __________ leave the hospital only six hours after the baby was born.
    A was able to B could  C can  D is able to
  7. The car broke down and we __________ a taxi.
    A must have got  B have got to get  <>Cb had to get  D must get
  8. You ____________ whisper. Nobody can hear us.
    A needn't  B don't have to  C mustn't  D need to
  9. Who __________ was coming to see me this morning?
    A you said  B did you say  C did you say that  D you did say
  10. I remembered __________ the race.
    A the horse's winning  B the horse to win  C the horse winning  D the horse's to win
  11. She reminded _____________ the papers.
    A me where to leave  B me where I had to leave  C where I had to leave  D where to leave
  12. We had ____________ holiday in Spain.
    A two week's  B two weeks'  C two-week  D a two-week
  13. Against her parent's wishes, she wants to be _________.
    A the journalist  B journalist  C a journalist  D journalists
  14. ___________ the most popular of fiction writing.
    A The novel is  B Novel is  C The novels are  D Novels are
  15. What have we got ________ ?
    A for the dinner  B for a dinner  C for dinner  D to dinner                         

Part 3. Writing.

Part 4. Grammar Test.

Questions 21-35

  1. I don't understand the sentence. What _________ ?
    A does mean this word B does this word mean C means this word
  2. You're out of breath. __________?
    A
    Are you running B Have you run C Have you been running
  3. We're good friends. We_________ each other for a long time.
    A
    know B have known C have been knowing
  4. We're late. The film __________ by the time we get to the cinema.<>
    b
    A will already start B will be already started <>Cb will already have started
  5. I'm not tired enough to go to bed yet. I wouldn't sleep if I ____________ to bed now.
    A
    went B had gone C would go
  6. 'Where__________ ?' 'In London.'
    A
    were you born B have you been born C did you born
  7. The train__________ arrive at 11.30 but it was an hour late.<>
    b
    A supposed to B is supposed to C was supposed to
  8. 'Do you not know where___________?' 'No, he didn't say.'
    A
    Tom has gone B has Tom gone C has gone Tom
  9. 'The police officer stopped us and asked us where________.
    A
    were we going B we are going C we were going
  10. I'm going to a wedding on Saturday. __________ is getting married.
    A
    A friend of me B A friend of mine C One my friends
  11. Maria's English is excellent. She speaks__________.
    A
    perfectly English B English perfectly C English perfect
  12. He_________ to find a job but he had no luck.
    A
    tried hard B tried hardly C hardly tried
  13. I haven't seen her for___________ I've forgotten what she looks like.
    A
    a so long time B a such a long time C such a long time
  14. I'm going away__________ the end of January.
    A
    at B on C in
  15. Have you read any books___________ Agatha Christie?
    A
    of B from C by


11 .


Part 1. Reading.

Questions 1-7

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
When the problem disappers.
Teachers - watch for the signs!
How the habit is broken.
The extent of the problem.
Parents on the lockout.
Stop those computers now!
How affected children act.
The type of child at risk.
Our children are in danger!

A price to pay
Danger when a computer becomes your best friend

0 I
Many of Britain's children are becoming computer addicts, according to leading education specialists. Such children then lose interest in anything else and become withdrawn and introverted.
1  
Up to one in ten youngsters - over half a million - are affected. The problem usually starts between the ages of nine and eleven and most often affects boys, who tend to get more involved with machines than girls. They spend up to 40 hours a week tapping away.
2  
'These children are unable to  relate to friends and family or express their feelings,' says Mrs Noel Janis-Norton, a specialist at treating problem children and adults. They behave badly at school and at home - and when desperate parents forbid them to use computers, they find ways to use the computers in secret and deceive their parents. The result is that they often fail school tests and lose friends. But they do not care. The computer has become their best - and sometimes their only - friend.
3  
Mrs Janis-Norton says children who have difficulty communicating are hit by this problem. 'A child who is energetic and outgoing is unlikely to become a computer addict, although any kind of child can enjoy the computer,' she says. 'There's a very big difference between use and abuse. Often the problem continues into the late teens and sometimes into adult life, where the addict becomes increasingly shut off from reality.'
4  
Mrs Janis-Norton adds: 'The situation changes when they have less to be anxious about. Many grow out of it when they leave home. Like any other nervous condition, such as asthma, it hardly exists in the summer holidays.'
5  
Most children who have this kind of nervous complaint are not doing as well at school as they could. Now teachers are being asked to look for the more obvious patterns of behaviour. The National Union of Theachers has already warned its staff to identify pupils who become restless and agitated.
6  
Tony Miller, one of the teachers' union spokesmen, says parents should limit the amount of time their children spend at the machines. He adds: 'Very young children take to computers like fish to water. It seems to be like the problem of obsessive TV-watching.' One parent was woken at 5 a. m. by a strange bleeping noise. She later discovered it was her addict son at his computer.
7  
Mrs Janis-Norton claims a high success rate with her unique system which involves teaching the parents as well as the child. It is a similiar problem ot gambling or drug addiction. She says: 'With the parents, we examine all the issues that come up in a child's day - food, bedtime, co-operation, homework, the tone of voice children use when talking to their parents, and sweets. We teach parents how to be in charge of the situation, how to be positive, firm and consistent. We give the child extra lessons in whatever subjects they're weak in. By slowly getting the children off the machines, and replacing computers with other activities and more confidence, the habit is broken.'

Part 2. Use of English.

Questions 8-22

Example:

0 A counting on B based on C relying in D according to

Example answer:

Part 2
0 A B C D

Becoming a nurse: the interview

Thirteen-year-olds do not spend as much money as their parents suspect - at least not  (0)..... the findings of a (8)..... survey, Money and Change. The survey  (9)..... three hundred teenagers, 13-17 years old, from (10)..... Britain.

By the time they  (11)..... their teens, most children see their weekly allowance rise dramatically to an amazing national average of ?5.14. Two thirds think they get  (12)..... money, but most expect to have to do something to get it.

Although they have more cash, worry about debt is  (<>13).....b among teenagers. Therefore, the  (14)..... of children (<>15).....b an effort to save for the future.

Greater access to cash  (16)..... teenagers does not, however, mean that they are more irresponsible  (17).....a result. The economic recession seems to have encouraged  (18)..... attitudes to money, even in the case of children at these ages. Instead of wasting what pocket   (19)..... they have on sweets or magazines, the 13-year-olds who took  (20)..... in the survey seem to  (21)..... to the situation by saving more than half  (22)..... their cash.

8 A late B recent C latest D fresh
9 A included B contained C counted D enclosed
10 A entire B all over C complete D the whole
11 A reach B get C make D arrive
12 A acceptable B adequate C satisfactory D enough
13 A gaining B heightening C increasing D building
14 A most B maximum C many D majority
15 A make B do C have D try
16 A among B  through C between D along
17 A like B as C for D in
18 A aware B knowing C helpful D cautious
19 A cash B money C change D  savings
20 A part B place C share D piece
21 A reply B answer C  respond D return
22 A from B as C of D for

Part 3. Writing.

Part 4. Grammar Test.

Questions 23-37

  1. Timson_________ 13 films and I think her latest is the best.
    A made B had made C has made D was making
  2. I decide to stay at home last night. I would have gone out if I_________ so tired.
    A wasn't B weren't C wouldn't have been D hadn't been
  3. If you look carefully, you _________ find writing scratched on the glass.
    A can B are going to C shall D will
  4. You  _________ mad if you think I'm going to lend you any more money.
    A should be B are supposed to be C must be D ought to be
  5. Although he didn't have a ticket, Ken _________ come in.
    A could B can C might D was allowed to
  6. This tastes lovely. What's in _________ ?
    A a sauce B the sauce C sauces D sauce
  7. _________ at the party, we saw Ruth standing alone.
    A Arrived B We arrived C Arriving D We were arriving
  8. _________ cricket, I enjoy watching football and basketball.
    A Among B Expect C Except for D Besides
  9. I'd advise you _________ more exercise.
    A to take B you to take C you taking D taking
  10. _________ a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.
    A Finding B After finding C Having found D We found
  11. Where _________ ? Which hairdresser did you go to?
    A did you cut your hair B have you cut your hair C did you have cut your hair D did you have your hair cut
  12. Hello, Jim. I didn't expect to see you today. Sonia said you _________ ill.
    A are B were C was D should
  13. 'What time will you arrive?' 'I don't know. It depends _________ the traffic.'
    A of B for C from D on
  14. Do you want _________ with you or do you want to go alone?
    A me coming B me to come C that I come D that I will come
  15. I asked two people the way to the station but _________ of them knew.
    A none B either C both D neither

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